Nauru, formerly Pleasant Island, is a country in Micronesia. Its nearest neighbor is Banaba Island in Kiribati. After years of occupation, Nauru gained its independence in 1968. After its natural resources were depleted, the island’s wealth diminished in value. Nauru briefly became a tax haven and illegal money laundering centre. From 2001 to 2008, and again from 2012, it accepted aid from the Australian Government in exchange for hosting the Nauru detention centre. In many ways, it is still a client state of Australia, due to its dependence on that country.
Here are some things that need to be remembered about the culture:
- It has both tribal and animistic roots that ground its heritage.
- It has adopted many customs of Australia.
- Family, connections, and time for networking are valued.
- The pace of life on the island is not fast.
- Aside from the detention center, its economy is an agricultural and fishing based economy.
- There aren’t many animals or birds on the land, and native vegetation is scarce, due to mining, heavy farming, and introduced species. There are no native land mammals, but there are native insects, land crabs, and birds, including the endemic Nauru reed warbler. The Polynesian rat, cats, dogs, pigs, and chickens have been introduced to Nauru from ships.
- The diversity of the reef marine life makes fishing a popular activity for tourists on the island, as well as SCUBA diving and snorkeling.
- English is widely spoken and is the language of government and commerce, as Nauruan is not common outside of the country.
Here’s is a video about Nauru for your education from 2008: