Sint Eustatiusius(Netherlands)

St.Eustatius also known as Statia is part of the Caribbean Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but English is the “language of everyday life” on the island and education is solely in English. An English based creole is also spoken. Tourism is a big part of the economy , but trade also flourishes in a host of other area.
St. Eustatius is culturally a mix of European and Carribbean influences, and is a family oriented society. Also, rank and connections are important, though the culture is more relaxed than some. It’s important to recognize the history of the territory, and the transient nature of many of its inhabitants when considering how to relate well with the culture. Below you will find a video about the territory and surrounding islands.

Sources:
Lonely Planet. (2017). Sint Eustatius. Retrieved from https://www.lonelyplanet.com/sint-eustatius

Sint Eustatius Tourism. (2017). Sint Eustatius. Retrieved from http://www.statia-tourism.com/
World Atlas. (2017). Sint Eustatius. Retrieved June 22, 2017, from http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/namerica/caribb/steustus.htm
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Blog Updates of the Week

Here’s our roundup of some interesting blog posts for this week. Note: We don’t necessarily endorse any of the authors or their perspectives.

Bilingualmadrid. (2017, May 03). Unit 2 – Summary. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://bilingualmadrid.wordpress.com/2017/05/03/unit-2-summary/
Brennan, C. (2017, May 04). Here are preexisting conditions you could pay more for under AHCA. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/dozens-diseases-pre-existing-conditions-affected-ahca-article-1.3137561
Catalejoweb. (2017, April 28). Jam de improvisación. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://catalejoweb.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/jam-de-improvisacion/

Chassagne, N. (2017, May 01). Home is where the heart is. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://plantifullife.wordpress.com/2017/05/01/home-is-where-the-heart-is/

ClearingCustoms. (2017, April 26). When It’s Hard to Want to Want to Be Back [at A Life Overseas]. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://clearingcustoms.net/2017/04/26/when-its-hard-to-want-to-want-to-be-back-at-a-life-overseas/

DrFitnessIn. (2017, May 05). Runner’s knee. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://drfitnessin.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/runners-knee/

Expatpowerlifterrandommusings. (2017, May 04). 5 hard-earned tips for alleviating culture shock. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://expatpowerlifterrandommusings.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/5-hard-earned-tips-for-alleviating-culture-shock/

Gingabrasileira. (2017, May 03). Cook of the week. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://gingabrasileira.net/2017/05/03/cook-of-the-week/

Harmony. (2017, April 26). Featured Parents: Why boarding school? Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://aliensathome.wordpress.com/2017/04/26/featured-parents-why-boarding-school/

Heater, B. (2017, May 05). Will science and good shoes help break the two-hour marathon barrier this weekend? Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://techcrunch.com/2017/05/05/will-science-and-good-shoes-will-help-break-the-two-hour-marathon-barrier-this-weekend/

Hoerster, A. (2017, May 03). Vulnerability. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://abuddhistyear.wordpress.com/2017/05/03/vulnerability/

Intercoolturality. (2017, May 03). Nómadas del siglo XXI. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://intercoolturality.wordpress.com/2017/05/03/nomadas-del-siglo-xxi/

‘Intuitive’ prosthetic hand sees what it’s touching. (2017, May 05). Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://orthofeed.com/2017/05/05/intuitive-prosthetic-hand-sees-what-its-touching/

James, A. (2017, May 04). Do we consider the person as a whole – Shawley by now? Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://ashjamesphysio.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/do-we-consider-the-person-as-a-whole-shawley-by-now/

Jnbaldonado. (2017, April 29). Parenting is a Cultural Thing. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://jnbaldonado.wordpress.com/2017/04/29/parenting-is-a-cultural-thing/

J∆mes, M. (2017, May 05). How We Make Choices | Robert Sapolsky. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://syntheticzero.net/2017/05/05/how-we-make-choices-robert-sapolsky/

Kaufmann, B. K. (2017, May 05). Kayakers buoyant over resurrection of flood-ravagedHarvie Passage. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from http://calgaryherald.com/news/local-news/kayakers-buoyant-over-resurrection-of-flood-ravaged-harvie-passage

KimViNa. (2017, May 03). Alcohol Consumption. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://globalmindsetrmit2017.wordpress.com/2017/04/30/alcohol-consumption/

Lastglass. (2017, May 05). Another tale from the father and son toilet conversations: The bidet-driven society and the ‘others’ Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://lastglass.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/another-tale-from-the-father-and-son-toilet-conversations-the-bidet-driven-society-and-the-others/

Marilyn. (2017, May 04). “The Only Way to Go, is To Go Back”. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://communicatingacrossboundariesblog.com/2017/05/02/the-only-way-to-go-is-to-go-back/

Mclernon, M. (2017, May 04). Eminently Coachable. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://hardalltheway.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/race-plans-2017/

Mdmomsblog. (2017, May 05). Happy World Laughter Day! Here’s Why Laughter Really Is The Best Medicine. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://mdmomsblog.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/happy-world-laughter-day/

Migreenparty. (2017, May 05). Pre-Existing Condition. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://migreenparty.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/pre-existing-condition/

Minimalistgrandma, /. (2017, May 05). Blackberry Winter. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://minimalistgrandma.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/blackberry-winter/

Mountainstomainstreetblog. (2017, May 04). Culture of being an Appalachian Trail hiker. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://mountainstomainstreetblog.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/culture-of-being-an-appalachian-trail-hiker/

Nacklo. (2017, May 05). Where I’m From. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://informedbabbling.wordpress.com/2017/05/05/where-im-from/

Orthobuzz.jbjs. (2017, May 05). High Rates of Return to Play and Patient Satisfaction after ACL Reconstruction. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://orthobuzz.jbjs.org/2017/05/05/high-rates-of-return-to-play-and-patient-satisfaction-after-acl-reconstruction/

Lowkeyblog. (2017, May 05). Diverse people & minds. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://lowkeylokiblog.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/diverse-people-minds/

Pbrainmd. (2017, May 03). EKG findings in CNS Disorders. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://pbrainmd.wordpress.com/2017/05/03/ekg-findings-in-cns-disorders/

Pinoytransplant. (2017, May 02). Illusive Hope. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://pinoytransplant.com/2017/05/02/illusive-hope/

Politicsinpink. (2017, May 05). When Trumpcare meets the Gig Economy. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://politicsinpink.com/2017/05/05/when-trumpcare-meets-the-gig-economy/

Samiam7132. (2017, May 05). And we’re off… Again. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://greeneggsnsam.com/2017/05/05/and-were-off-again/

Shock culturale in Cina. (2017, April 28). Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://claudiamilariar.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/shock-culturale-in-cina/

Stephenhand2012. (2017, May 04). Introvert Power. Psychologist Laurie Helgoe. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://stephenhand2012.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/introvert-power-psychologist-laurie-helgoe/

The Typist. (2017, May 04). Dialects. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://phumpinating.wordpress.com/2017/05/04/dialects/

Whenyouliveinvienna. (2017, May 03). Viennese Coffee Culture. Retrieved May 05, 2017, from https://whenyouliveinvienna.wordpress.com/2017/05/03/viennese-cafe-culture/

 

A Few Thoughts on a Rainy Friday

Teaching and training others is a very exhausting, yet rewarding profession. No matter the ages of the people you are training or working with,  there are always behavioral problems and miscommunications. Everyone in a teaching or training position will fail at least once. To fail, as one kindergarten teacher put it to her class, is  your “First attempt at learning.”  Why is it that USA and other cultures do not see that as true?  We expect everyone to be 100% perfect and then we shame those who don’t live up to the impossible standard…

Instead of doing that, why don’t we see growth as a flower garden? It needs constant care, weeding, watering, and sunlight before it can be a thing of beauty.  This is how one develops and grows both personally and professionally.  So let’s go back to the basics of mentorship, and cultivate young employees.  We are online, so we dont’ get a ton of face time with our team in person. However, the time we do get is valued and treasured.  What can you do to cultivate the next generation?

Similarly, client and relationships take care and kindness to become long lasting connections. Let’s stop rushing and take the time to care more about our clients.

I think many of our readers are doing this well, but it’s always a good thing to remind ourselves that there is a balance of patience, kindness, high standards and excellence that must be upheld in our professional lives.

heronGardenPartyOriginal.jpg

Blog Roundup: Making up for Lost Time…

Hi Everyone,
Finally, we have the opportunity to share our blog roundup for the week. We hope you enjoy.

Altermondeblog. (2017, April 27). Aymara Dancers in Puno, Perú. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://altermondeblog.com/2017/04/27/aymara-dancers-in-puno-peru/

Berks lancaster lebanon link. (2017, April 28). “The patients we do not see” – The

Conversation. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://berkslancasterlebanonlink.org/2017/04/28/the-patients-we-do-not-see-the-conversation/

Braver Than Before. (2017, April 07). 5 Ways to Make the Most of Your Cross-Cultural Trip. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://braverthanbefore.com/2017/04/07/5-ways-to-make-the-most-of-your-cross-cultural-trip/

Casimano, A. (2017, April 27). Healthcare Data Breaches: Are Hackers the Only Reason? Retrieved April, 2017, from https://anthonycasimano.wordpress.com/2017/04/24/healthcare-data-breaches-are-hackers-the-only-reason/

Ccoeus. (2017, March 23). 3 Ways a Foot Injury May be Affecting Your Movement. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://ccoeus.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/3-ways-a-foot-injury-may-be-affecting-your-movement/

Cfdpr. (2017, April 13). El libro . Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://cfdpr.wordpress.com/2017/04/13/el-libro/

Clearing Customs. (2017, April 26). When It’s Hard to Want to Want to Be Back [at A Life Overseas]. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://clearingcustoms.net/2017/04/26/when-its-hard-to-want-to-want-to-be-back-at-a-life-overseas/

Cross Cultural Analysis. (2017, April 20). Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://unswll.wordpress.com/2017/04/21/cross-cultural-analysis/

DZ Fitness. (2017, April 7). How Sports Psychology has Evolved as a Discipline & The Importance of Motivation. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://dzfitnessblog.wordpress.com/2017/04/07/how-sports-psychology-has-evolved-as-a-discipline-the-importance-of-motivation/

Editor’s Desk. (2017, April 26). What’s coming next ? Scientists identify how the brain predicts speech. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://blog.digitexmedical.com/2017/04/26/whats-coming-next-scientists-identify-how-the-brain-predicts-speech/

Emma. (2017, April 08). I kayaked to Kenya. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://emmadms.wordpress.com/2017/04/08/i-kayaked-to-kenya/

Erica. (2017, April 27). A spring walk…. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://palebluethought.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/a-spring-walk/

Expatpowerlifterrandommusings. (2017, April 22). Stranger in a strange land. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://expatpowerlifterrandommusings.wordpress.com/2017/04/22/stranger-in-a-strange-land/

Fromson, C. (2017, April 08). Orthopedic Surgery in low/middle income countries. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://carolinefromson.wordpress.com/2017/04/05/orthopedic-in-lowmiddle-income-countries/

Goh, S. (2017, April 17). Victory for Edmonton Oilers is truly a win-win for fans’ health. Retrieved April, 2017, from http://globalnews.ca/news/3384458/victory-for-edmonton-oilers-is-truly-a-win-win-for-fans-health/

Gon555. (2017, April 28). Healthcare for overseas students in USA. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://gaer2017.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/healthcare-for-overseas-students-in-usa/

Gon555. (2017, April 28). Five Key Drivers of Medical Tourism. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://gaer2017.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/five-key-drivers-of-medical-tourism/

Gourlay, C. (2017, April 28). Can I trust you? Well it depends….. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://carolinegourlay.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/can-i-trust-you-well-it-depends/

Hartke, K. (2017, April 28). What Did Ancient Romans Eat? New Novel Serves Up Meals And Intrigue. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/04/28/525892896/what-did-ancient-romans-eat-new-novel-serves-up-meals-and-intrigue?utm_medium=RSS&%3Butm_campaign=news

Imamudeen, J. (2017, April 25). When Your Cultural Identity is Adrift. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://msjudysbrain.com/2017/04/24/when-your-cultural-identity-is-adrift/

Isastudentblog. (2017, April 26). The Unforgettable Places of Southern Spain. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://isastudentblog.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/the-unforgettable-places-of-southern-spain/

Jaz. (2017, April 27). Self Realization. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://tejasvikashyap.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/self-realization/

Jfnet. (2017, April 27). The Brain-Changing Power of Religious Belief. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://jfnet.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/the-brain-changing-power-of-religious-belief/

Justscribingalong. (2017, April 24). Theme of the Day. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://justscribingalong.wordpress.com/2017/04/24/theme-of-the-day/

Kuhn, R. (2017, April 14). In Transit. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://crossingoceans.org/2017/04/14/in-transit/

Masters, J. (2017, April 22). Why would a newly-qualified doctor from the UK want to go to Brazil? Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://joseph-masters.com/2017/04/17/first-blog-post/

Medivic Aviation Air and Train Ambulance Services. (2017, April 27). Medivic Train Ambulance Services from Patna to Delhi with Paramedical Staff and Life Support Systems avail at Low Fare. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://trainambulanceservices.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/medivic-train-ambulance-services-from-patna-to-delhi-with-paramedical-staff-and-life-support-systems-avail-at-low-fare/

Mgshospital. (2017, April 26). How to reduce the risk of bone loss in menopause? Retrieved April, 2017, from https://mgshospital.wordpress.com/2017/04/26/how-to-reduce-the-risk-of-bone-loss-in-menopause/

Musilc. (2017, April 27). Dogs and Music. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://musilc.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/dogs-and-music/

Nello, R. J. (2017, April 28). On Vieques Island. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://rjnello.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/on-vieques-island/

OrthoFeed. (2017, April 23). Johnson & Johnson Wants to Use 3D Printing to Heal Broken Bones. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://orthofeed.com/2017/04/20/johnson-johnson-wants-to-use-3d-printing-to-heal-broken-bones/

Orthofeed. (2017, April 26). Will ASC joint replacements alter the role of implant representatives? Retrieved April, 2017, from https://orthofeed.com/2017/04/26/will-asc-joint-replacements-alter-the-role-of-implant-representatives/

Proclivitiesprinciplewisdom. (2017, April 2). Recognizing What’s Holding You Back. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://proclivitiesprinciplewisdom.wordpress.com/2017/04/26/recognizing-whats-holding-you-back/

Simply Well. (2017, April 10). What Keeps Even Pro Athletes at Bay? Retrieved April, 2017, from https://simplywellblog.org/2017/04/10/acl-injuries/

Soundofsilencebydj. (2017, April 28). Inner Truth. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://soundofsilencebydj.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/inner-truth/

Sterling, J. (2017, April 19). Straight, No Chaser: Prevention and Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://jeffreysterlingmd.com/2017/04/20/straight-no-chaser-prevention-and-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-3/

Thebrightonscreen. (2017, April 25). Sundance Film Festival London – The full Line-up 2017. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://thebrightonscreen.wordpress.com/2017/04/25/sundance-film-festival-london-the-full-line-up-2017/

Total Wellbeing: April 2017. (2017, April 03). Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://minesblog.wordpress.com/2017/04/03/total-wellbeing-april-2017/

Trotters41. (2017, April 25). Two Things We Need to Teach Our Kids About Sex. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://trotters41.com/2017/04/25/two-things-we-need-to-teach-our-kids-about-sex/

Tyson, A. J. (2017, April 26). The Move Towards Healthcare Blockchains | The Huffington Post. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://blockchainreporter.wordpress.com/2017/04/26/the-move-towards-healthcare-blockchains-the-huffington-post/

Unbrokenvoices. (2017, April 28). Kindness is Contagious. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://unbrokenvoices.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/kindness-is-contagious/

Visana, D. (2017, April 27). Dr. Devshi Visana – Consultant Neurologist in Ahmedabad. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://drdevshivisana.wordpress.com/2017/04/27/dr-devshi-visana-consultant-neurologist-in-ahmedabad/

Whimsicalt. (2017, April 26). Home. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://whimsicaltstories.wordpress.com/2017/04/26/home/

Woodjared. (2017, April 21). The Unmagical Trophy. Retrieved April, 2017, from https://makingtheplay.com/2017/04/17/the-unmagical-trophy/

Zambrotta, L. (2017, April 28). Sailing to Philadephia. Retrieved April 28, 2017, from https://wordsmusicandstories.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/sailing-to-philadephia/

Transition, Trauma, Culture Shock, and Crisis

Some people believe that when they make life changes or interact with other cultures that they are unaffected. Others think that they are self- aware and can get through any change or challenge unscathed.  The research begs to differ with this idea.  Do a simple search on any major academic search engine, and you will find thousands of articles dedicated to trauma, culture shock, and crisis.   When changing environments, whether they simply be cities, workplaces, or more complex challenges like families and countries,  it’s vital to remember that you and those who are close to you will go through changes during these periods of transition and culture shock. These changes may even alter your worldview.

Richey (2015) had a very helpful article on culture shock in 2015, which we have included in the reference section below.  It also includes a wonderful visual on culture-shock/transition that we are reproducing here. Most people would only think of this map when it comes to the death of a loved one or other major crisis, but it does apply to culture-shock and transition.

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When diverse cultures interact closely with one another, there are bound to be miscommunications and confusions, which can lead to losing confidence and crises.  It’s important for workplaces to be aware of those culture shocks, transitions, and problems, and work towards ethical solutions that are culturally sensitive.  This week, we will probably do our research post on this topic so you can read more.

It’s important for all employers to learn about cultural transitions and work with their employees to ensure their well-being.

©Allison J. Weaver Consulting, LLC 2017

Reference:

Richey, M. (2015, June 22). Jet Program Culture Shock. Retrieved April 18, 2017, from https://www.tofugu.com/japan/culture-shock-in-japan-on-the-jet-program/

 

Tokelau (New Zealand)

Tokelau is an island territory of New Zealand in Southeast Asia that is sometimes referred to as the Union Islands. The United Nations declared it a non-self-governing territory in 2007. Tokelau is officially known as a  nation by both its government and New Zealand’s government. The land area is approximately 10 km2 (4 sq mi) and the population is approximately 1,400. Its capital rotates yearly between the three atolls.The most spoken language in the country is Tokelauan.

Many in this country are immigrants, and the population continues to decrease in population. The average life expectancy is 69 years old. Villages are entitled to enact their own laws regulating their daily lives and New Zealand law only applies where it has been extended by specific enactment. Serious crime is rare and there are no prisons — offenders are publicly rebuked, fined or made to work. The head of state is Elizabeth II, the Queen in right of New Zealand, who also reigns over Australia, the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen is represented in the territory by an acting Administrator. A chairperson presides over the Council for the Ongoing Government of Tokelau, which functions as a cabinet. The Council consists of the faipule (leader) and pulenuku (village mayor) of each of the three atolls.  The Administrator is appointed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand, and the office of Head of Government rotates between the three faipule for a one-year term.

Tokelau is a leader in renewable energy. Also, it’s original vegetation has been replaced by coconut plantations, some of which have become abandoned and turned into forests. The atolls are very diverse in wildlife and it is a shark sanctuary.  Fishing, shipping and farming are still very important. Tokelau also exports handicrafts, stamps, woodworking, and coins.  It is almost completely dependent on the New Zealand government because its economy is so small. Many Tokelauans live in New Zealand and support their families in Tokelau through remittances. There is no airport there either.

Here are some tips for those planning to live or do business on the islands:

        1. Historically, the culture was very communal and governed by clans. Family ties, saving face, and sticking up for the clan are still very important.
        2.  Tokelauans are now one of the most socio-economically deprived Pacific groups. This is very significant in its impact on the culture’s perception of itself.
        3.  Western and traditional cultural ideals are embraced. The society was based on animistic traditions, but now it has become more of a mix.
        4. Community and respect and care for the elderly are very important.  Children are raised by the community. Families often live with their extended families.
        5. Chivalry in the best sense is practiced in many families, and respect for self and others is encouraged.
        6. Money is seen as being important but not the most important thing in life.
        7. An egalitarian ethic overrides differentials in wealth. Rich people contribute generously to village and family enterprises and avoid ostentatious displays of affluence.
        8. Virtually all residents enter into sanctified, lifelong monogamous marital unions. Individual choice is constrained by kin group exogamy.
        9. Anamism and Fundamentalist Christianity (Catholic and Protestant) are the most popular religions. Sometimes syncretism between the two are practiced.

References
Angelo, A. H. “Tokelau.” In M. A. Ntumy, ed., South Pacific Legal Systems , 1993.
Angelo, T. “The Last of the Island Territories? The Evolving Constitutional Relationship with Tokelau.” Stout Centre Journal , 1996.
Baker, M. and J. Zhang (2005) Housing, Crowding and Health Study: Characteristics of Cohort Members and Selected Hospitalisation Events: February 2003 to June 2005,Housing and Health Research Programme Reports, University of Otago, Wellington.
Baker, M., A. McNicholas, N. Garrett, N. Jones, J. Stewart, V. Koberstein et al. (2000) “Household crowding a major risk factor for meningococcal disease in Auckland children” Paediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 19:983–90.
Baker, M., K. Venugopal and P. Howden-Chapman (in press) Household Crowding and Tuberculosis: Estimating the Population Attributable Risk in Europe, WHO Europe, Bonn.
Baker, M., R. Goodyear and P. Howden-Chapman (2003) Household Crowding and Health: What is the Extent of Crowding in New Zealand? An Analysis of Crowding in New Zealand Households 1986–2001, Statistics New Zealand, Wellington.
Cheer, T., R.A. Kearns and L. Murphy (2002) “Housing policy, poverty and culture: ‘Discounting’ decisions among Pacific peoples in Auckland, New Zealand” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 20:497–516.
Culture. (2017). Government of Tokelau. Retrieved April 13, 2017, from http://www.tokelau.org.nz/About Us/Culture.html
Das, D., K. Venugopal and B. Michael (2007) The Epidemiology of Necrotising Fasciitis and Skin Infection in New Zealand Based on NZHIS Hospitalisation and Mortality Data, University of Otago, Wellington.
Gray, A. (2001) Definitions of Crowding and the Effects of Crowding on Health: A Literature Review, Ministry of Social Policy, Wellington.
Hooper, Antony. “The MIRAB transition in Fakaofo, Tokelau.” Pacific Viewpoint 34 (2): 241–264, 1997.
Howden-Chapman, P. and A. Woodward (eds.) (2001) Health of Pacific Societies: The Life and Works of Dr Ian Prior, Steele Roberts, Wellington.
Howden-Chapman, P. and M. Tobias (eds.) (2000) Social Inequalities in Health: New Zealand 1999, Wellington, Ministry of Health.
Howden-Chapman, P., G. Pene, J. Crane, R. Green, L. Iupati, I. Prior et al. (2000) “Open houses and closed rooms: Tokelau housing in New Zealand” Health Education and Behavior, 27:351–62.
Hulsen, M., K. De Bot and B. Weltens (2002) “‘Between two worlds’: Social networks, language shift, and language processing in three generations of Dutch migrants in New Zealand” International Journal of Social Language, 153:27–52.
Huntsman, J. and A. Hooper (1997) Tokelau: An Historical Ethnography, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
Huntsman, J., and Hooper A. “Male and Female in Tokelau Culture.” Journal of the Polynesian Society 84: 415–430, 1975.
Huntsman, J., and Hooper A. Tokelau: A Historical Ethnography , 1996.
Jaine, R. (2007) Acute Rheumatic Fever in New Zealand: Epidemiology and the Role of Household Crowding, Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington.
Jera, M. (2005) Housing, Health and Wellbeing: A Phenomenological Exploration of Life in Subsidised Housing, Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington.
Jones, A. and K. Jenkins (2008) “Rethinking collaboration: Working the indigene-colonizer hyphen” in N. Denzin, Y. Lincoln and L. Tuhiwai Smith (eds.) Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies, Sage Publications, Los Angeles.
Manukia, J. (28 August 1998) “Faces red over crowding claim” New Zealand Herald, p.A3.
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